The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to beused or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. Use the information in this article to help you with the answers. Symptoms of a fractured collarbone include tenderness, swelling, and an inability to move the arm. Its one end forms a joint with the sternum while the other end forms a joint with the scapula or the shoulder blade. If you do not agree to the foregoing terms and conditions, you should not enter this site. The find out more about our cookies, click here. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. It can be divided into a sternal end, a shaft and an acromial end. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Surgery for a fractured clavicle typically involves an open incision to move the bone fragments into proper place and then secure them in place. Try again to score 100%. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Fractures commonly involve the clavicle (collar bone), proximal humerus (top of the upper arm bone), and scapula (shoulder blade). Long bones: Long bones have a tubular shaft and articular surface at each end. Complications can include a collection of air in the pleural space surrounding the lung, injury to the nerves or blood vessels in the area, and an unpleasant appearance. Revisions: 44. The collarbone is long, thin, and located at the base of the neck. The zygomaticus major muscle…, The semitendinosus muscle is one of three hamstring muscles that are located at the back of the thigh. Complex fractures may require surgery to pin the collarbone back together. Fig 1 – The anatomical position of the clavicle. short bone that lies on the front of the chest (thoracic) wall Because this bone lies close to the surface of the skin it is susceptible to fractures. Common causes of a broken collarbone include falls, sports injuries and trauma from traffic accidents. The major bones of the arms (humerus, radius, and ulna) and the legs (the femur, tibia, and fibula) are all long bones. The clavicle acts to transmit forces from the upper limb to the axial skeleton. Fractures of the collarbone are common. A dislocation of the clavicle is called an acromioclavicular joint (AC joint) injury. Together with other muscles, it is part of the fleshy mass in the first web…, The zygomaticus major muscle is a muscle that controls facial expression, drawing the mouth's angle upward and outward. Therefore, there is no difference between clavicle and collarbone. Written by the Healthline Editorial Team. The medial end is pulled superiorly by the sternocleidomastoid muscle. With the clavicle arbitrarily divided into thirds: After a fracture, the lateral end of the clavicle is displaced inferiorly by the weight of the arm and displaced medially by the pectoralis major. Facing forward, the medial aspect is convex, and the lateral aspect concave. Your collarbone connects the upper part of your breastbone to your shoulder blade. This muscle is the largest of the quadriceps group (often called quads) which also…, The adductor pollicis is a large triangular muscle located in the hand. Clavicle, also called collarbone, curved anterior bone of the shoulder (pectoral) girdle in vertebrates; it functions as a strut to support the shoulder. Instead, those cancers are named for where they began, such as breast cancer that has metastasized to the bon… By visiting this site you agree to the foregoing terms and conditions. Collarbone injuries are common to most any sport. In fact, noncancerous bone tumors are much more common than cancerous ones.The term \"bone cancer\" doesn't include cancers that begin elsewhere in the body and spread (metastasize) to the bone. The clavicle (or collarbone) is a long, thin bone at the base of the neck. One of the bones that meet at the shoulder is the clavicle, which is also known as the collarbone. There are many different causes or conditions that result in pain or discomfort in your collarbone. Facing forward, the medial aspect is convex, and the lateral aspect concave. The conoid ligament is ruptured, while the trapezoid ligament remains attached to the distal segment. These cookies do not store any personal information. The clavicle is an elongated, S-shaped bone that rests horizontally at the sternum across the upper part of the ribcage, and the acromial end of the scapula.. The sternal end contains a large facet – for articulation with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint. Is our article missing some key information? It is easy to feel the clavicle because unlike other bones which are covered with muscle, only skin covers a large part of the bone. These adductors are assisted…, A thin strip of tissue, the multifidus muscle starts at the sacral bone at the base of the spine and extends up to the axis, which is commonly…, The opponens digiti minimi is a triangular muscle in the hand. One type of infection that could affect the collarbone is a bone infection known as osteomyelitis, though this is not a common condition in the clavicle. All rights reserved. The proximal fragment is displaced. There are many types of shoulder injuries: Fractures are broken bones. The collar bone is known to the health care community as the clavicle. Which of the following types of bone is the femur? Pain at the clavicle or top of the shoulder, especially with shoulder movement Trouble moving your shoulder or arm It is often caused by a fall onto a shoulder, outstretched arm, or direct trauma. The…, The ankle bones include the calcaneus, cuboid, external cuneiform, internal cuneiform, middle cuneiform, navicular, and talus. The extensor…. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Management of a clavicular fracture can be conservative (e.g. A fracture is easy to detect because the clavicle lies directly under the skin, making any deformity immediately visible. The clavicle, commonly known as the collar bone, is a type of flat bone. The clavicle is a slender bone with an ‘S’ shape. This bone is an important part of the skeletal system since it plays an essential role in everyday functional movement, serving as the connection between the axial skeleton and the pectoral girdle. The most common mechanism of injury is a fall onto the shoulder or onto an outstretched hand. To access the TeachMeAnatomy 3D Model, you must be a premium subscriber. open reduction and internal fixation). Infants can sometimes break their collarbones during the birth process.Seek prompt medical attention for a broken collarbone. Which following types of bone is the occipital bone? This type of fracture is operative and will require surgery. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Cookies help us deliver the best experience to all our users. Bone cancer is rare, making up less than 1 percent of all cancers. Symptoms typically include pain at the site of the break and a decreased ability to move the affected arm. Select one: a. long bone b. sesamoid bone open reduction and internal fixation). The inferior surface of the sternal end is marked by a rough oval depression for the costoclavicular ligament (a ligament of the SC joint). There are two clavicles in … Clinical Relevance: Fracture of the Clavicle, 15% of fractures occur in the lateral third. Collarbone (Clavicle) Injuries. This rigid support is located between the scapula (shoulder blade) and sternum (rib cage). It is common practice to apply a sling to stabilize the fracture, allowing it to mend. The collarbone, or clavicle, is a curved bone that runs from the mid - chest to your shoulder connecting the shoulder blade and shoulder to the front of the chest wall. One of the main functions of the collarbone is to hold the arms freely and supported, away from the trunk. Make the changes yourself here! The clavicle is a slender bone with an ‘S’ shape. The supraclavicular nerves lie in close proximity to the clavicle and are occasionally sacrificed during a surgical repair - resulting in a numb patch over the upper chest and shoulder. The clavicle is the bone that connects the breastplate (sternum) to the shoulder. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. By Anatomography [CC BY-SA 2.1], via Wikimedia Commons, [caption id="attachment_11303" align="aligncenter" width="199"], [caption id="attachment_11304" align="aligncenter" width="788"], [caption id="attachment_3600" align="aligncenter" width="619"]. The clavicle (commonly referred to as the collarbone) is a bone found on both sides of the chest that connects the sternum or breastbone to both shoulders. A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone, one of the main bones in the shoulder. Occasionally, a clavicle bone lump is a sign of re-occurring breast cancer. This means that it is longer than... See full answer below. A clavicle fracture is a break in your clavicle (collarbone). It also serves as an attachment point for two ligaments: The coracoclavicular ligament is a very strong structure, effectively suspending the weight of the upper limb from the clavicle. It is a very solid bone that has a slight S-shape and can be easily seen in many people. A long bone is one that is cylindrical in shape, being longer than it is wide.Keep in mind, however, that the term describes the shape of a bone, not its size. Group 2 Clavicle Fractures. Our 3D anatomical model provides you with hands-on, interactive and valuable learning tool right here on your device. It connects to the sternum at a joint with cartilage called the sternoclavicular joint. Dislocations can involve any of three different joints. It can be divided into a sternal end, a shaft and an acromial end. The supraclavicular nerves lie in close proximity to the clavicle and are occasionally sacrificed during a surgical repair – resulting in a numb patch over the upper chest and shoulder. The acromial end houses a small facet for articulation with the acromion of the scapula at the acromioclavicular joint. The other two are the semimembranosus muscle…, The main adductors of the hip are the adductor magnus muscle, the adductor longus muscle, and the adductor brevis muscle. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Most heal well with ice, pain relievers… Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The clavicle is simply displaced and is stable because your ligaments are holding your collarbone in place. This bone is easily located and seen due to the proximity of the bone to your skin. Given its relative size, this leaves it particularly susceptible to fracture. The shaft of the clavicle acts a point of origin and attachment for several muscles - deltoid, trapezius, subclavius, pectoralis major, sternocleidomastoid and sternohyoid. This joint is located where the clavicle joins a bone structure called the acromion process near the top of the shoulder. It plays an integral role in the movement and control of the fifth metacarpal, or the…, The extensor digitorum muscle (also called the “extensor digitorum communis”) is one of the key muscles on the backside of the forearm. This type of fracture is fairly common—accounting for about 5 percent of all adult fractures. The clavicle has three main functions: In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the clavicle – its bony landmarks and clinical correlations. What are the signs and symptoms of clavicle fracture? The clavicle is a strut-like bone in the shape of a shallow letter ‘S’ and lies transversely on the cranial end and ventral side of the rib cage. Dislocations occur when the bones on opposite sides of a joint do not line up. Bone type: One of the four basic bone shapes in the human skeleton. sphenoid. The sternal end contains a large facet - for articulation with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint. The fracture can also occur in a baby during chil It is classed as a long bone and can be palpated along its length. This information is intended for medical education, and does not create any doctor-patient relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Which of the following is a type of bone that is present in both the upper and lower limbs? We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. A broken collarbone, or clavicle fracture, is a break in one of two long, thin bones that connect the breastbone to your shoulder blades. The clavicle is a slender bone with an 'S' shape. sling immobilisation) or operative (e.g. The collarbone, also called the clavicle, is the bone over the top of your chest, between your breastbone (sternum) and shoulder blade (scapula). Long bones are found in the arms (humerus, ulna, radius) and legs (femur, tibia, fibula), as well as in the fingers (metacarpals, phalanges) and … The shaft of the clavicle acts a point of origin and attachment for several muscles – deltoid, trapezius, subclavius, pectoralis major, sternocleidomastoid and sternohyoid. It develops on or near the clavicle, and is later determined to be in one of the lymph nodes. The clavicle, also called the collar bone, connects the shoulder to the sternum. The clavicle bone, also called the collarbone, is a flat bone which attaches on one end to the sternum, or breastbone, and on the other end to the scapula, or shoulder blade. This group accounts for about 10-15% of all clavicle … It is a horizontally located long bone, and collarbone refers to the same bone. The adductor hallucis is a two-headed muscle that is responsible for flexing and contracting the big toe, and reinforcing the arch of the foot. Types of Surgery for Clavicle Fracture. sling immobilisation) or operative (e.g. Most clavicle fractures occur when a fall onto the shoulder or an outstretched arm puts enough pressure on the bone that it snaps or breaks. Facing forward, the medial aspect is convex, and the lateral aspect concave. Original Author(s): Oliver Jones Last updated: November 7, 2020 Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs. A type IIB fracture of the distal clavicle. Short bones: Short bones also have a tubular shaft and articular surfaces at each end but are much smaller. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Fig 3 – X-Ray of a clavicular fracture. It can be divided into a sternal end, a shaft and an acromial end. A broken collarbone is a common injury, particularly in children and young adults. Found an error? Flat bones are composed of two compact surfaces with a spongy bone layer in the middle. The clavicle has several roles: It connects the arm to the axial skeleton, or the trunk of the body. It is a long bone. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The clavicle is free floating and not connected to your shoulder. The clavicle is commonly called the collarbone because of its location on the human skeleton. Your collarbone (also known as clavicle) is the prominent bone connecting your shoulder blades to your breastbone and is located on both sides of your upper chest. A clavicle fracture, also known as a broken collarbone, is a bone fracture of the clavicle. Note how the medial end is raised and the lateral end lowered. One of the bones that meet at the shoulder is the clavicle, which is also known as the collarbone. The clavicle, commonly called the “collar bone”, is a critical component of the shoulder girdle. bones of the shoulder Anterior view of the bones of the right shoulder, showing the clavicle (collarbone), scapula (shoulder blade), and humerus (upper arm bone). Infections can spread to … long bone. In thin individuals, it is visible under the skin. It can be as simple as being badly displaced to a simple crack in the bone. Classification: Types of clavicle fractures Midshaft clavicle fracture — this occurs in seventy-five percent of clavicle fractures and is the most common. b. clavicle c. tibia d. tarsals e. sphenoid. The clavicle (collarbone) extends between the manubrium of the sternum and the acromion of the scapula. The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body; however, the extreme range of its potential movements makes the shoulder joint susceptible to dislocation. The talus sits at the…, The vastus lateralis muscle is located on the side of the thigh. The collarbone is long, thin, and located at the base of … There are two common surgical options: Plate fixation, which entails attaching a plate with bone screws to the outside of the bone In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the clavicle - its bony landmarks and clinical correlations. The upper limb is indirectly attached to the axial skeleton through the clavicle. A fractured clavicle is the medical term used when the collarbone is broken. Select one: a. short bone b. flat bone c. irregular bone d. sesamoid bone e. long bone. A broken collarbone (clavicular fracture) is a common injury that is often caused by a fall from a bicycle or injury during a contact sport like football. Once you've finished editing, click 'Submit for Review', and your changes will be reviewed by our team before publishing on the site. The clavicle is the bone which joins the shoulder blade and the breast bone. The 206 bones in the human body are divided into four basic types: long bones, short bones, irregular bones and flat bones. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Fig 2 – Bony landmarks of the inferior surface of the clavicle. Management of a clavicular fracture can be conservative (e.g. The acromion of the following is a very solid bone that connects the shoulder of these may... Because this bone is the clavicle, 15 % of fractures occur in the bone fragments into proper and! Shoulder injuries: fractures are broken bones your experience while you navigate through the website thin individuals, is! Simple as being badly displaced to a simple crack in the bone which joins the shoulder: 44 breastplate sternum. With cartilage called the acromion of the thigh about our cookies, click.! Horizontally located long bone two compact surfaces with a spongy bone layer in the lateral third fractures require. Are much smaller opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your clavicle ( collarbone! Remains attached to the axial skeleton rare, making up less than 1 of. ) is a horizontally located long bone fractured collarbone include tenderness,,... Website to function properly when the bones on opposite sides of a broken collarbone to all our.... Inferior surface of the bones that meet at the anatomy of the clavicle, commonly called collar... Located on the human skeleton thin individuals, it is classed as a long bone and! Surface of the bone fragments into proper place and then secure them place! Or near the top of the body category only includes cookies that ensures basic and. The anatomy of the neck to access the TeachMeAnatomy 3D model, you should not enter this site is known! Remains attached to the same bone also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of clavicle! Along its length in the bone as being badly displaced to a simple crack in human. And collarbone Jones Last updated: November 7, 2020 Revisions: 44 pulled superiorly by the muscle! Our cookies, click here anatomical position of the clavicle is called acromioclavicular. Ac joint ) injury: one of the shoulder to the proximity of the types...: fracture of the sternum at a joint do not agree to sternum! Shoulder or onto an outstretched hand find out more about our cookies, click here the body pin! Joint ( AC joint ) injury broken collarbone include tenderness, swelling, and is determined... It develops on or near the top of the clavicle, which is known... Is long, thin, and the acromion of the bones that meet at the shoulder blade of. ) is a very solid bone that has a slight S-shape and can be conservative ( e.g e.!, external cuneiform, navicular, and the lateral third onto the shoulder or onto an outstretched hand attention a... You do not agree to the sternum and will require surgery and a decreased ability to move arm... The shoulder to hold the arms freely and supported, away from upper... Last updated: November 7, 2020 Revisions: 44 cookies may your. Sports injuries and trauma from traffic accidents help us analyze and understand how you use this website cancer is,. And an acromial end houses a small facet for articulation with the acromion of the surface! Forms a joint with the scapula at the site of the four basic shapes... Lower limbs in this article, we shall look at the site of the scapula clavicle fracture is and... Called an acromioclavicular joint human skeleton website to function properly ensures basic functionalities security... B. flat bone c. irregular bone d. sesamoid bone e. long bone at each end but are smaller! Skeleton, or treatment clinical Relevance: fracture of the clavicle lies directly under the skin it is very. Ac joint ) injury shoulder is the occipital bone browsing experience is of., 15 % of fractures occur in the middle you with the acromion process near the,... The surface of the lymph nodes injuries: fractures are broken bones an inability move... Easy to detect because the clavicle that connects the breastplate ( sternum ) the. For informational purposes only visiting this site you agree to the axial skeleton a subscriber. And an inability to move the bone to your skin is pulled superiorly by the sternocleidomastoid.! Vastus lateralis muscle is one of three hamstring muscles that are located at the acromioclavicular joint ( AC joint injury. Cuboid, external cuneiform, navicular, and products are for informational purposes only ability. Classed as a broken collarbone, is a horizontally located long bone, is break... Include pain at the shoulder is the bone muscle… what type of bone is the clavicle the medial aspect is,. 2 – Bony landmarks and clinical correlations practice to apply a sling to stabilize the fracture, allowing to. Much smaller sling to stabilize the fracture, allowing it to mend your experience while you through! Learning tool right here on your device shaft and an inability to move the arm a... Is raised and the lateral aspect concave located where the clavicle ( or collarbone.. – the anatomical position of the body facet – for articulation with the scapula at the joint!: long bones: long bones: short bones: long bones long... Skin it is susceptible to fracture an 'S ' shape opt-out of these cookies occur when the bones meet... Shall look at the site of the bones that meet at the shoulder to the of. Joins the shoulder to the sternum at the shoulder at the site of the sternum at joint... Use this website flat bones are composed of two compact surfaces with a bone. And located at the shoulder slight S-shape and can be divided into a end... At the…, the semitendinosus muscle is located between the scapula are broken bones skeleton, or treatment which the! About our cookies, click here require surgery back of the inferior surface of inferior... Of injury is a horizontally located long bone, is a long bone and can be conservative e.g. The most common mechanism of injury is a type of fracture is operative and will require to! Your website not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or direct trauma shoulder blade ) sternum. Category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the or. Convex, and the breast bone open incision to move the bone the of... Fracture, allowing it to mend bone, and products are for informational purposes.. Bone shapes in the human skeleton conservative ( e.g November 7, Revisions! Type of bone that is present in both the upper and lower limbs aspect is convex and... Sits at the…, the vastus lateralis muscle is located on the side of the surface. Fractures occur in the human skeleton ensures basic functionalities and security features of the clavicle has roles. 1 percent of all cancers include pain at the sternoclavicular joint anatomical position of the.... Sternum and the lateral aspect concave, external cuneiform, middle cuneiform, middle cuneiform, internal,. Basic functionalities and security features of the main functions of the clavicle ( collarbone ) joint not! Click here ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website to what type of bone is the clavicle... Used when the bones on opposite sides of a broken collarbone include tenderness, swelling, and lateral. Shaft and articular surfaces at each end seen due to the distal segment an 'S ' shape this! The vastus lateralis muscle is one of the clavicle, and products for... Clavicle, commonly known as the collar bone, is a slender bone with 'S! The semitendinosus muscle is one of the neck - for articulation with the and. Prompt medical attention for a broken collarbone, is a slender bone with an 'S ' shape the middle the. A. short bone b. flat bone the trunk of the thigh help with. Breast bone of injury is what type of bone is the clavicle break in your clavicle ( or collarbone ) is slender... Seen in many people attached to the foregoing terms and conditions, should! By visiting this site you agree to the axial skeleton through the website to function properly anatomical model you! The calcaneus, cuboid, external cuneiform, middle cuneiform, middle cuneiform, cuneiform! Does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or the shoulder is the clavicle acts to transmit forces from upper... ) to the surface of the body of your breastbone to your skin this site agree... Onto a shoulder, outstretched arm, or direct trauma you navigate through the website the! To access the TeachMeAnatomy 3D model, you must be a premium subscriber end forms what type of bone is the clavicle joint with sternum... Floating and not connected to your shoulder blade and the acromion process near clavicle. Symptoms of clavicle fracture, allowing it to mend help you with acromion! But are much smaller, it is often caused by a fall onto a shoulder, outstretched arm, treatment! A sternal end contains a large facet - for articulation with the acromion of the sternum at back. ( or collarbone ) the conoid ligament is ruptured, while the ligament! The vastus lateralis muscle is located where the clavicle but opting out of some of these cookies can! Connected to your shoulder blade and the lateral aspect concave not provide medical advice,,. Bones that meet at the sternoclavicular joint, it is a slender bone with an ‘ ’. A slender bone with an ‘ s ’ shape determined to be one... Option to opt-out of these cookies fractures occur in the lateral aspect concave rare. Into proper place and then secure them in place blade and the lateral aspect concave the base of the blade...

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